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Plano Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Center

What is a Hyperextension Injury of the Elbow?

A physical malady known as a hyperextension injury of the elbow can be quite painful and potentially debilitating. The Plano Orthopedic Sports Medicine and Spine Center, or POSMC, invites you to read the following brief blog providing an overview of this injury.

Overview Of An Elbow Hyperextension

The elbow joint, which connects the lower and upper portions of the arm, experiences a hyperextension when said structure is stretched beyond its normal motion range. In simpler terms, the joint becomes hyperextended when it is bent backwards.


Hyperextension injuries may be precipitated by several different factors including:

Participation In Athletics Or Other Strenuous Activities

Should you who partake in sports, particularly those that require quick, sharp arm motions like boxing and the martial arts, football, gymnastics and weightlifting, you will stand at an increased risk.


Certain mishaps, especially falls can elicit elbow hyperextensions. Said events render you especially vulnerable to these maladies because you often use your arms to protect other portions of your anatomy from injury upon impact.

Old Age

If you have reached an advanced age, your risk rises significantly because the joints of elderly persons tend to be weaker.

Previous Injury

Should you have sustained a previous arm or elbow injury, you are also more susceptible to hyperextensions because said maladies might not have healed properly rendered the arm or elbow weakened.

Physical Manifestations

Typically, individuals report hearing a popping sound the moment that the joint has been stretched beyond typical limits. Additionally, you might experience other symptoms such as elbow pain, mobility issues, swelling and arm weakness. If the joint becomes severely hyperextended, the elbow might appear to be deformed. In the most serious cases, said injury could precipitate decreased blood circulation in the impacted arm.


A general practitioner or orthopedic specialist will typically ask you to attempt certain arm and elbow movements during said professional’s initial stages of examination. Should such actions prove inconclusive or other telltale manifestations like pain or swelling not be resent, you might be subjected to various diagnostic tests like X-Rays or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, abbreviated simply as MRI scans.

Potential Treatment Options

The specific remedial protocol chosen by your doctor will depend upon certain factors such as your age, general health and the severity of the hyperextension. That said, common treatment options include:

The RICE Method

RICE is an acronym for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. In less severe instances, enabling the injured elbow to rest for an extended duration, applying ice to the wounded area, compressing the injury and elevating the offending elbow above your head might expedite the healing process. Additionally, your doctor might prescribe over-the-counter or prescription pain preparations to ease associated discomfort.

Elbow Brace Application

Placing the injured elbow in a brace keeps said joint immobile and might foster a quicker recovery time.


In the most serious cases, surgical intervention might be indicated. An operation will likely be indicated if you sustained damage to adjacent bones or soft tissues. Following surgery, you will likely need physical therapy where you will perform various stretching exercises designed to help regain your elbow and arm strength.

Contacting Us

If you suspect a hyperextension injury of the elbow, one of the board certified, highly experienced orthopedic doctors at POSMC can evaluate your case, provide an accurate diagnosis and help determine the best possible treatment options.

Call POSMC today!

To schedule an appointment with one our specialists, contact our scheduling department at 972-250-5700 or request an appointment online.

POSMC is a full-service medical facility specializing in the evaluation and treatment of orthopedic injuries. The practice is led by a group of 12 board-certified and fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons and a physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. Contact us today!

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COVID-19 Update

Updated May 11, 2020

Plano Orthopedic, in unison with the CDC and other governmental agencies is committed to providing our patients with the highest quality care while supporting social distancing and protective measures to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.  The health and safety of our patients, employees and their families are our highest priority.

Dr. Richard Evanson spoke with Good Morning Texas about Plano Orthopedic’s  mission to continue treating patients in a safe environment during this pandemic. Click here to watch the video!

Office Schedule

Our office is open and operating from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. Monday through Friday.  These are the same hours of operation Plano Orthopedic had prior to the pandemic. Following the Texas Medical Board minimum COVID-19 standards of safe practice,  Plano Orthopedic is requesting all patients wear a mask when visiting with the physicians.

Safety Screenings

Plano Orthopedic will continue to screen patients for potential symptoms of COVID-19 prior to their visit.  For those patients with urgent needs, we are asking you NOT to present yourself in our office if you are feeling unwell, have a fever, cough, shortness of breath or have come in contact with a person who has tested positive for the COVID-19 virus. Please contact us to reschedule your appointment. We will also be screening all patients upon entry and are asking that patients over age 18 do not bring a visitor with them. Please also wash your hands upon entering and exiting our facility and practice social distancing in the lobby.

Elective Surgeries

In accordance with governmental recommendations, Plano Orthopedic surgeons will continue to perform elective surgical procedures.  Patients with urgent needs, may be scheduled sooner, but only after consultation with their provider. Please anticipate a call from our clinical teams. 

Telehealth Visits

Telehealth visits allow a patient to be cared for by our physicians and providers through video and audio technology.  You will then receive a link that you can utilize from either a computer (with video and audio capability), smart devices, or tablet.

We Appreciate your Cooperation and Understanding

We sincerely appreciate your understanding and cooperation as we work together to protect our patients and staff. We hope you are confident in Plano Orthopedics as we expand our health and safety measures during this time, while continuing to provide care to our patients.

The COVID-19 situation is fluid and we will be updating this page as the situation continues to evolve.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us at 972-250-5700


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